James Barraclough was initiated into the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn at its Horus Temple in Bradford in March 1894, choosing the motto ĎSperanzaí.At the time he was living at 83 Sydenham Place Bradford.He never seems to have pursued the interest that led him to accept the offer of membership.


James Barraclough is one of my failures: I havenít been able to identify him.I could probably have done a much better job of it if I lived in the Bradford area myself - I could at least have found out a bit more about him by pursuing the address he gave the GD - 83 Sydenham Place - through local directories and electoral registers.I did wonder if I could get lucky and find him on the 1891 census.But Barraclough is a common surname in the Bradford area; and on the day of the 1891 census tthere were 92 men and boys living in the city.


No one called James Barraclough was a member of the Theosophical Society; and the Freemasonsí Library catalogue has no reference to a freemason with that name.Theosophy and freemasonry were two fruitful recruiting grounds for the Golden Dawn.If he isnít involved in either of those, and I donít even know his age...


I make one suggestion and itís a long shot: James Barraclough might have been a member of the Barraclough family of clock and watch-makers.John Barraclough is the best known of them, largely because of the clock he made for the BrontŽ family which is still in the parsonage at Howarth.As clock-makers, they would have been known to T H Pattinson, the owner of a clock and jewellery business in the centre of the city and one of the most influential members of the GD in Bradford.John Barraclough had a son James; but this James Barraclough was born in 1825 which makes him older than all but two of the GD members Iíve identified.A grandson of John - born around 1850, say - would be a more likely GD member.I couldnít find such a person, so I have given up.


See archiver.rootsweb.com for the descendants of John Barraclough, the Howarth clock-maker. John Barraclough had several descendants with the name ĎJamesí.The GD member might be one of these; I only suggest it because T H Pattinson, senior figure in the GD at Bradford, was a watch-maker and jeweller and would have known the Barraclough family.


Watchmakers and Clockmakers of the World volume 2 p14 has some information on the Barraclough clock-making family.There is also some information on the web, mostly on the John Barraclough Iíve mentioned above.




BASIC SOURCES I USED for all Golden Dawn members.


Membership of the Golden Dawn: The Golden Dawn Companion by R A Gilbert.Northampton: The Aquarian Press 1986.Between pages 125 and 175, Gilbert lists the names, initiation dates and addresses of all those people who became members of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn or its many daughter Orders between 1888 and 1914.The list is based on the Golden Dawnís administrative records and its Membersí Roll - the large piece of parchment on which all new members signed their name at their initiation.All this information had been inherited by Gilbert but itís now in the Freemasonsí Library at the United Grand Lodge of England building on Great Queen Street Covent Garden.Please note, though, that the records of the Amen-Ra Temple in Edinburgh were destroyed in 1900/01.The records of the Horus Temple at Bradford have not survived beyond 1896 either, but thereís a history of the TS in Bradford on the web (though originally written in 1941) at www.ts-bradford.org.uk/theosoc/btshisto.htm in which a lot of the same people who joined the GD are mentioned.After surviving some difficult times in the 1890s, Bradford TS still seems to be going strong (as at December 2012).In April 2012 the History page was updated with the names of all the members at least up to 1941.


The members of the GD at its Horus Temple were rather a bolshy lot, and needed a lot of careful management!


Family history: freebmd; ancestry.co.uk (census and probate); findmypast.co.uk; familysearch; Burkeís Peerage and Baronetage; Burkeís Landed Gentry; Armorial Families; thepeerage.com; and a wide variety of family trees on the web.


Famous-people sources: mostly about men, of course, but very useful even for the female members of GD.Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.Who Was Who. Times Digital Archive.


Catalogues: British Library; Freemasonsí Library.


Wikipedia; Google; Google Books - my three best resources.I also used other web pages, but with some caution, as - from the historianís point of view - they vary in quality a great deal.





6 February 2013